Peer-reviewed publications on Bioenergy and Greenhouse Gas Removals

  1. Rowe RL, Keith AM, Elias DMO, McNamara NP (2020) Soil carbon stock impacts following reversion of Miscanthus x giganteus and short rotation coppice willow commercial plantations into arable cropping. GCB Bioenergy doi/10.1111/gcbb.12718
  2. Elias D, Ooi GT, Razi MFA, Robinson S, Whitaker J, McNamara NP (2020) Effects of Leucaena biochar addition for crop productivity on degraded tropical soils. Biomass & Bioenergy. 142.
  3. Ledo, A, Smith, P, Zerihun, A, et al. (2020) Changes in soil organic carbon under perennial cropsGlob Change Biol.; 26: 4158– 4168.
  4. Ledo A, Hillier J, Smith P, Aguilera E, et al (2019) A global, empirical, harmonised dataset of soil organic carbon changes under perennial crops. Scientific Data, 6, 57.
  5. Briones MJI, Elias DMO, Grant HK, McNamara NP (2019) Plant identity control on soil food web structure and C transfers under perennial bioenergy plantations Soil Biology and Biochemistry 138, 107603.
  6. Keane JB, Morrison R, McNamara NP, Ineson (2019) Real-time monitoring of GHG emissions with tall chambers reveals diurnal N2O variation and increased emissions of CO2 and N2O from miscanthus following compost addition. GCB Bioenergy, 11, 1456-1470.
  7. Holder AJ. Clifton‐Brown J, Rowe RL; Robson P, Elias DMO, Dondini M, McNamara NP. Donnison IS. McCalmont JP. (2019) Measured and modelled effect of land‐use change from temperate grassland to Miscanthus on soil carbon stocks after 12 years. GCB Bioenergy, 11(10),
  8. Holder AJ, Rowe RL, McNamara N., Donnison IS,  McCalmont JP (2019) Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) simulated hydrological impacts of land use change from temperate grassland to energy crops: a case study in western UK. GCB Bioenergy, 11, 1253 -1391.
  9. Morrison R, Rowe RL, Cooper HM, McNamara NP. (2019) Multi‐year carbon budget of a mature commercial short rotation coppice (SRC) willow plantation. GCB Bioenergy 11, 895-909.
  10. Holder AJ, McCalmont JP, Rowe R, McNamara NP, Elias D, Donnison IS (2019) Soil N2O emissions with different reduced tillage methods during the establishment of Miscanthus in temperate grassland. GCB Bioenergy 11, 539-549.
  11. McCalmont JP, Rowe R, Elias D, Whitaker J, McNamara NP, Donnison IS (2018) Soil nitrous oxide flux following land‐use reversion from Miscanthus and SRC willow to perennial ryegrass. GCB Bioenergy12, 914-929.
  12. McCalmont JP. Hastings A. McNamara NP. Richter GM. Robson P. Donnison IS. Clifton-Brown J. (2017) Environmental costs and benefits of growing Miscanthus for bioenergy in the UK. GCB Bioenergy, 9, 489-507. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12294
  13. Whitaker, J. Field, JL. Bernacchi CJ, Ceulemans R., Davies CA., DeLucia EH., Donnison IS., McCalmont JP., Paustian K., Rowe RL., Smith P., Thornley P., McNamara NP. (2017) Consensus, uncertainties and challenges for perennial bioenergy crops and land-use. GCB Bioenergy. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12488
  14. Elias, D.M.O. Rowe, R.L., Pereira, M.G., Stott, A.W., Barnes, C.J., Bending, G.D., McNamara, N.P. (2017) Functional differences in the microbial processing of recent assimilates under two contrasting perennial bioenergy plantations. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 114, 248-262. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.07.026  
  15. Maddison AL, Camargo-Rodriguez A, Scott IM, Jones CM, Elias DMO, Hawkins S, Massey A, Clifton-Brown J, McNamara NP, Donnison IS,  Purdy SJ (2017) Predicting future biomass yield in Miscanthus using the carbohydrate metabolic profile as a biomarker. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12418
  16. Drewer J, Yamulki S, Leeson SR, Anderson M, Perks MP, Skiba UM, McNamara NP (2017) Difference in soil methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes from bioenergy crops SRC Willow and SRF Scots Pine compared with adjacent arable and fallow in a temperate climate. BioEnergy Research, 10 (2), 575-582. doi: 10.1007/s12155-017-9824-9
  17. Pogson, M., Richards, M., Dondini, M., Jones, E. O., Hastings, A. and Smith, P. (2016) ELUM: A spatial modelling tool to predict soil greenhouse gas changes from land conversion to bioenergy in the UK. Environmental Modelling & Software, 84, 458-466, doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.07.011
  18. Robertson A.  Whitaker J, Morrison R, Davies C, Smith P, McNamara N (2016)  A Miscanthus plantation can be carbon neutral without net sequestration in soils. GCB Bioenergy. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12397
  19. Robertson A.D., Davies C.A., Smith P., Stott A.W., Clark E.L. & McNamara N.P. (2016). Carbon Inputs from Miscanthus Displace Older Soil Organic Carbon Without Inducing Priming. BioEnergy Research, 1-16. DOI: 10.1007/s12155-016-9772-9
  20. McCalmont JP, McNamara NP, Donnison IS, Farrar K, Clifton-Brown JC (2016) An interyear comparison of CO2 flux and carbon budget at a commercial-scale land-use transition from semi-improved grassland to Miscanthus x giganteus. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12323
  21. McCalmont JP, McNamara NP, Donnison IS, Farrar K, Clifton-Brown JC (2016) Partitioning of ecosystem respiration of CO2 released during land-use transition from temperate agricultural grassland to Miscanthus x giganteus. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12380
  22. Harris, ZM., Alberti G, Viger M, Jenkins, JR, Rowe R, McNamara NP, Taylor G (2016) Land-use change to bioenergy: grassland to short rotation coppice willow has an improved carbon balance. GCB Bioenergy, doi:10.1111/gcbb.12347
  23. Richards, M., Pogson, M., Dondini, M., Jones, E. O., Hastings, A., Henner, D. N., Tallis, M. J., Casella, E., Matthews, R. W., Henshall, P. A., Milner, S., Taylor, G., McNamara, N. P., Smith, J. U. and Smith, P. (2016) High resolution spatial modelling of greenhouse gas emissions from land use change to energy crops in the UK. GCB Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12360
  24. Rowe RL, Keith AM, Elias D, Dondini M, Sith P, Oxley J and McNamara NP (2016) Initial soil C and land-use history determine soil C sequestration under perennial bioenergy crops. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12311.
  25. Parmar K., Keith AM, Rowe RL, Sohi SP, Moeckel C, Pereira MG, McNamara NP (2015) Bioenergy driven land use change impacts on soil greenhouse gas regulation under Short Rotation Forestry. Biomass & Bioenergy, 82, 40-48. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.05.028
  26. McCalmont JP, Hastings A, McNamara NP, Richter GM, Robson P, Donnison IS, Clifton-Brown J (2015) Environmental costs and benefits of growing Miscanthus for bioenergy in the UK. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12294
  27. McClean GJ, Rowe RL, Heal KV, Cross A, Bending GD, Sohi SP (2015) An empirical model appraoch for assessing soil organic carbon stock changes following biomass crop establishment in Britain. Bomass and Bioenergy, 83, 141-151. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.09.005.
  28. Robertson AD, Davies CA, Smith P, Dondini M, McNamara NP (2015) Modelling the carbon cycle of Miscanthus plantations: existing models and the potential for their improvement. GCB Bioenergy, 7, 405-421. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12144.
  29. Harris ZM, Spake R, Taylor G (2015) Land use change to bioenergy: A meta-analysis of soil carbon and GHG emissions. Biomass and Bioenergy, 82, 27-39. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.05.008.
  30. Dondini M, Jones EO, Richards M, Pogson M, Rowe RL, Keith AM, Perks M, McNamara NP, Smith JU & Smith P (2015) Evaluation of the ECOSSE model for simulating soil organic carbon under short rotation forestry energy crops in Britain. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12154
  31. Dondini M, Richards M, Pogson M, Jones EO, Rowe RL, Keith AM, McNamara NP, Smith JU & Smith P (2015) Evaluation of the ECOSSE model for simulating soil organic carbon under Miscanthus and short rotation coppice-willow crops in Britain. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12286
  32. Dondini M, Richards M, Pogson M, McCalmont J, Drewer J, Marshall R, Morrison R, Yamulki S, Harris ZM, Alberti G, Siebicke L, Taylor G, Perks M, Finch J, McNamara NP, Smith JU & Smith P (2015) Simulation of greenhouse gases following land-use change to bioenergy crops using the ECOSSE model. A comparison between site measurements and model predictions. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12298.
  33. Case S. D.C., McNamara, N.P., Reay D.S., Stott A.W., Grant H.K., Whitaker J.  (2015) Biochar suppresses N2O emissions while maintaining N availability in a sandy loam soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 81, 178-185. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.11.012.
  34. Keith KA, Rowe RL, Parmar K, Perks MP, Mackie E, Dondini M & McNamara NP. (2014) Implications of land use change to Short Rotation Forestry in Great Britain for soil and biomass carbon. GCB Bioenergy, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12168.
  35. Harris ZM, McNamara NP, Rowe R, Dondini M, Finch J, Perks M, Morrison J, Donnison I, Farrar K, Sohi S, Ineson P, Oxley JC, Smith P, Taylor G (2014) The ELUM project: Ecosystem Land-use modelling and soil carbon GHG flux trial. Biofuels, 5(2), 111-116. doi: 10.4155/bfs.13.79
  36. Case S. D.C., McNamara, N.P., Reay D.S., Whitaker J. (2014) Can biochar reduce soil greenhouse gas emissions from a Miscanthus bioenergy crop? Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 6(1), 76-89. DOI. 10.1111/gcbb.12052
  37. Case S. D.C., McNamara, N.P., Reay D.S., Whitaker J. (2012) The effect of biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions from a sandy loam soil – The role of soil aeration. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 51, 125-134.
  38. Rowe R*, Whitaker J*, Freer-Smith PH, Chapman J, Ludley KE, Howard, DC, and Taylor G (2011) Counting the cost of carbon in bioenergy systems: sources of variation and hidden pitfalls when comparing life cycle assessments. Biofuels, 2(6), 693-707. doi: 10.4155/bfs.11.131
  39. Whitaker J., Ludley, KE., Rowe R, Taylor G, and Howard DC (2010) Sources of variability in estimates of greenhouse gas emissions and energy requirements for biofuel production.  Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2 (3), 99–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2010.01047.x
  40. Howard, D.C., Wadsworth, R.A., Whitaker, J., Hughes, N., Bunce, R.G.H (2009) The impact of sustainable energy production on land use in Britain through to 2050. Land Use Policy, 26S, S284-292.


Book Chapters and Reports

  1. Ricardo Energy & Environment (2020) Sustainable Bioenergy Feedstocks Feasibility Study final report for BEIS ED12678, April 2020.
  2. Whitaker J (2018) Steps to scaling up UK sustainable bioenergy supply. Technical Annex 4 of Biomass in a Low Carbon Economy, Committee on Climate Change, 2018.
  3. Committee on Climate Change (2018) Biomass in a Low Carbon Economy
  4. Thomson A, Misselbrook T, Moxley J, Buys G, Evans C, Malcolm H, Whitaker J, McNamara N and Reinsch S (2018) Quantifying the impact of future land use scenarios to 2050 and beyond. Final report for the Committee on Climate Change, Ref. IT/KB0917.
  5. SPLiCE Phase 1: Sustainable pathways to low carbon energy – Final Report. Defra project CCM0102. (2015) J Tweed, P Agnolucci, M Austen, T Fawcett, T Hooper, D Howard, L Sims, R Smithers, A Stirling, J Whitaker.
  6. Adams P, Bows A, Gilbert P, Hammond J, Howard D, Lee R, McNamara NP, Thornley P, Whittaker C, Whitaker J (2013) Understanding greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems. Supergen Bioenergy Hub Policy Briefing Report.
  7. Skea J, Anandarajah G, Chaudry M, Shakoor A, Strachan N, Wang X and  Whitaker J (2010) Chapter 4: Energy futures: the challenges of decarbonisation and security of supply.  In: Energy 2050: the transition to a secure low carbon energy system for the UK. Eds. P. Ekins, J. Skea, M. Winskel, Earthscan, UK.
  8. Howard D, Jay B, Whitaker J, Talbot J, Hughes N, and Winskel  M. (2010) Chapter 10: Not just climate change: other social and environmental perspectives.  In: Energy 2050: the transition to a secure low carbon energy system for the UK. Eds P. Ekins, J. Skea, M. Winskel, Earthscan, UK.
  9. Chaudry M, Ekins P, Ramachandran K, Shakoor A, Skea J, Strbac G, Wang X and Whitaker J (2011) Building a Resilient UK Energy System. UKERC Research Report. ref.  UKER/RR/HQ/2011/001.
  10. Skea J, Ekins P. et al (2009) Making the transition to a secure and low-carbon energy system. Synthesis Report. UKERC Energy 2050 Project.

Principal Investigator

2019-present:   Soil and Land Use Scientist (Band 4), UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster
2013-present:   Ecologist (Band 5), Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Lancaster.
2001-2013:      Ecologist (Band 6), Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster.
1998-2001:      NERC Postdoctoral Fellowship: "Biochemical biomarkers of heavy metal stress in plants"