Spread of non-native invasive and pest species
I lead projects modelling the dispersal, spread and impacts of non-native invasive plants and pest organisms. These models are important in understanding the biological processes driving invasion and for planning effective control strategies.
Major science questions include:
- Are large-scale patterns of invasion constrained by species dispersal, global transport networks and climate?
- What are the best ways to conduct surveillance and control of invasive species?
- What is the role of trait adaptation in promoting invasion?
- How do invasive non-native species integrate into ecological networks?
Selected recent publications:
- Chapman, D.S., Purse, B. V, Roy, H.E. & Bullock, J.M. (2017) Global trade networks determine the distribution of invasive non-native species. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 26, 907-917.
- Chapman, D.S., Scalone, R., Štefanić, E. & Bullock, J.M. (2017) Mechanistic species distribution modeling reveals a niche shift during invasion. Ecology, 98, 1671-1680.
- White, S.M., Bullock, J.M., Hooftman, D.A.P. & Chapman, D.S. (2017) Modelling the spread and control of Xylella fastidiosa in the early stages of invasion in Apulia, Italy. Biological Invasions, 1–13.
- Chapman, D.S., Makra, L., Albertini, R., Bonini, M., Páldy, A., Rodinkova, V., Šikoparija, B., Weryszko-Chmielewska, E. & Bullock, J.M. (2016) Modelling the introduction and spread of non-native species: international trade and climate change drive ragweed invasion. Global Change Biology, 22, 3067–3079.
- Chapman, D.S., Haynes, T., Beal, S., Essl, F. & Bullock, J.M. (2014) Phenology predicts the native and invasive range limits of common ragweed. Global Change Biology, 20, 192–202.
- Chapman, D.S. (2013) Greater phenological sensitivity to temperature on higher Scottish mountains: new insights from remote sensing. Global Change Biology, 19, 3463–3471.
- Chapman, D.S. & Gray, A. (2012) Complex interactions between the wind and ballistic seed dispersal in Impatiens glandulifera (Royle). Journal of Ecology, 100, 874–883.
Selected research funding:
- 2016-2020 - XF-ACTORS: Xylella fastidiosa active containment through a multidisciplinary-oriented research strategy (EU H2020, Institute PI).
- 2016-2020 - Plant invasion of tropical forest fragments (NERC PhD studentship, PI)
- 2016-2019 - PHYTO-THREATS: Global threats to the UK from Phytophthora species (BBSRC Tree Health and Plant Biosecurity Initiative, Co-I and Task lead).
- 2016-2018 - Mitigating the threat of invasive alien plants in the EU through pest risk analysis to support the EU regulation 1143/2014 (EU LIFE, Co-I).
- 2015-2019 - HYDROSCAPE: Connectivity x stressor interactions in freshwater habitats (NERC Highlight Topic, Co-I and Task lead on invasions)
- 2014-2017 - PROTREE: Promoting resilience of UK tree species to novel pests and pathogens: ecological and evolutionary solutions (BBSRC Tree Health and Plant Biosecurity Initiative).
- 2014-2017 - HARM: Frameworks for horizon-scanning and risk mitigation of pathogens and invasive alien species in UK environments (CEH National Capability, Co-I).
- 2012-2015 - Inventory and review of quantitative models for spread of plant pests for use in pest risk assessment for the EU territory (European Food Safety Authority, PI).
- 2010-2012 - Assessing and controlling the spread and the effects of common ragweed in Europe (European Commission DG Environment, Co-I and WP lead).
- 2014-now - CEH, Plant Ecologist (NERC Band 5)
- 2016 - Visiting Professor, University of Sassari, Italy
- 2008-2014 - CEH, Plant Ecologist (NERC Band 6)
- 2006-2008 - University of Leeds, Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Ecological Modelling
- 2006 - PhD Biological Sciences (Spatial Ecology of the Endangered Tansy Beetle), University of York
- 2002 - MRes Ecology and Environmental Management (Distinction), University of York
- 2000 - BA(Hons) Natural Sciences (Zoology) (1st Class), University of Cambridge
- British Ecological Society
- Journal of Biolgeography (Associate Editor)