The Pollinator Monitoring and Research Partnership (PMRP) aims to establish how insect pollinator populations are changing across Great Britain. Scroll down to find the FIT Count survey instructions, recording form and identification guides.
We are working with existing recording schemes that focus on pollinating insects, and have established two new large-scale surveys under the UK Pollinator Monitoring Scheme banner (PoMS) – read on to find out how you can take part and help us track changes in pollinator numbers.
UPDATE (at 14 July 2020):
We are pleased to announce that the PoMS 1 km square field surveys are to recommence in England, Scotland and Wales from late July. All surveys are to be carried out only with the full consent of landowners and in line with current guidance, which may change quickly so it is important to check the www.gov.uk/coronavirus website regularly and click on the appropriate country link. Remember that guidance may differ between Scotland, Wales and England, or between different regions in the case of any local lockdowns.
We acknowledge that this has been a very challenging time for everyone, and we understand that a reduced level of engagement with nature will have had a negative impact on many people. We thank all the volunteers, not only for their commitment to taking part in PoMS surveys, but also for following the COVID-19 restrictions. Field surveys are now beginning to restart following careful risk assessment and deployment of additional health and safety measures. These measures will allow the PoMS survey team and volunteers to resume carrying out their important work and collecting valuable data, whilst also mitigating the risk to themselves, to landowners and the public from catching and spreading COVID-19.
FIT Counts also continue to be permitted on public land. All FIT Counts are to be carried out in line with current guidance, which may change quickly so it is important to check the www.gov.uk/coronavirus website regularly and click on the appropriate country link. Again, remember that guidance may differ between Scotland, Wales and England, or between different regions in the case of any local lockdowns.
No volunteer should feel under pressure to carry out surveys or FIT Counts if they do not feel comfortable doing so, or if they are concerned about the impacts of carrying out the counts on relations with members of the public.
The guidance regarding FIT Counts and surveys will continue to be reviewed in light of government advice. Updates to the guidance will be communicated to all volunteers currently allocated to PoMS 1 km squares, and via this webpage and the PoMS Twitter account @PoMScheme.
In all cases please ensure that you are following current government advice for your country.
The two PoMS surveys are described below, and we are seeking volunteers to help with each:
1. FIT Counts: if you can spare ten minutes to sit and watch insects and flowers you can carry out a FIT Count (Flower-Insect Timed Count)! This simple survey collects data on the total number of insects that visit a particular flower, ideally chosen from our list of 14 target flowers. FIT Counts can be done anywhere, including gardens and parks, in warm, dry weather any time from April to September. If you can carry out several counts at one location during that time you will be adding extra value to your survey records. All the information you need is provided in the survey materials that you can download below, and see the links under "Latest news" on the right for our video guides.
Take part in the “FIT Count” - download materials here:
- How to carry out the FIT Count (current version, pdf)
- Recording form to use during the count (current version, pdf)
- Guide to the flowers you can use for the count (current version, pdf)
- Guide to recognising the insect groups you need to count (current version, pdf)
For each FIT Count that you do, please add the results to our online recording form.
See the latest surveys for this year on our FIT Count map.
Download a PoMS poster - please pass this on and encourage others to take part!
FIT Count forms - Welsh versions:
- How to carry out the FIT Count (current Welsh version, pdf)
- Recording form to use during the count (current Welsh version, pdf)
- Guide to the flowers you can use for the count (current Welsh version, pdf)
- Guide to recognising the insect groups you need to count (current Welsh version, pdf)
- PoMS Poster (Welsh version, pdf)
Welsh translations were kindly supported by the Growing the Future project, National Botanic Garden of Wales.
2. 1 km square surveys: This survey takes a more systematic approach, using pan-traps to capture take samples of insects from a set of 75 1 km squares in England, Scotland and Wales (see link under "Latest news" to download a map of the locations). These have been randomly allocated within cropped and non-cropped land. The site network has been set up by CEH surveyors, and the sampling and flower monitoring is carried out by our brilliant team of volunteers who have 'adopted' the squares and help carry out the surveys. There are still squares available to adopt! If you'd like to know more about how to get involved with this please contact firstname.lastname@example.org and see the video guide to the 1 km square survey via the link under "Latest news" on the right.
Data from the two PoMS surveys and the recording schemes is brought together for analysis to deliver key metrics on pollinator population status and trends, including updates of the UK Pollinator Indicator at species and country-level resolution.
These activities will be coupled with ongoing links with the wider research community to facilitate use of the data in research, conservation and survey planning, and deliver a sustainable UK Pollinator Monitoring and Research Partnership (PMRP).
The project will focus on bees and hoverflies (based on evidence that they provide a high proportion of the pollination service to crops and wildflowers), although the methods used will sample or survey a wide range of other flower-visiting insects. Protocols and materials will be made widely accessible to allow their use beyond core survey sites and to measure the impacts of specific activities.
PoMS is the only scheme in the world generating systematic data on the abundance of bees, hoverflies and other flower-visiting insects at a national scale (currently across England, Wales and Scotland). Together with long-term occurrence records collated by the Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society and Hoverfly Recording Scheme, these data will form an invaluable resource from which to measure trends in pollinator populations and target our conservation efforts.
With reports of dramatic losses of insects occurring across the globe, and concern about what this means for wider biodiversity and ecosystem health, there has never been a more important time to document evidence of change in populations of pollinating insects.
Want to get involved?
For more information about the project please contact email@example.com
Visit the Bees’ Needs webpage for information and five simple actions you can take to help pollinators.
This is a collaborative project funded by Defra, JNCC, the Welsh Government, Scottish Government and project partners (BE0125).
- The Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
- Bumblebee Conservation Trust
- Butterfly Conservation
- British Trust for Ornithology
- Natural History Museum
- University of Reading
- University of Leeds
- working with the Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society, wider stakeholders and volunteer networks.