Land Cover Map 2000 (LCM2000) updates and substantially upgrades the Land Cover Map of Great Britain 1990 but also covers Northern Ireland, producing for the first time an all-UK dataset.
LCM2000 was classified using a hierarchical nomenclature corresponding to the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) Broad Habitats, encompassing the entire range of UK habitats. It is produced in both vector and raster formats, with a number of different versions containing varying levels of detail and at different spatial resolutions.
LCM2000 is the second map in the series and includes Northern Ireland. The production of LCM2000 used object based image analysis (OBIA) techniques. Instead of representing the land surface as regular sized pixels, OBIA considers the land surface as a collection of discrete irregular objects such as forests, lakes, urban areas and fields. Land cover objects for LCM2000 were derived from image segments and were assigned land cover values according to the pixel distributions within. These classifications were then refined using contextual and ancillary information.
Land Cover Map 2000 is used by government departments and agencies throughout the UK, county councils, charities and commissions and also environmental management bodies. LCM2000 is used for a wide range of applications including environmental character assessments, environmental protection, transport planning, animal disease distribution, bird and habitat relationships and forestry research.
Land Cover Map 2000: Technical details
Vector data format
The vector product is the most detailed. Each polygon represents a parcel of land and has attributes describing land cover and metadata describing how this information was derived (see Table 1).
- Scale: Minimum Mapable Unit for land cover parcels: 0.5ha
- Supply Format: ESRI® Shapefile format
- Coverage: UK
Raster data format
Five raster products simplify this information. A 25x25m raster gives the most likely Broad Habitat for each pixel.
- Scale: 25m and 1km pixel size
- Supply Format: GeoTiff
- Coverage: UK
- Request Land Cover Map 2000 from our Data Licensing Team using the form below or visit the CEH Environmental Information Platform for links to the LCM2000 dataset.
- For Academic Research/Education only, all CEH's Land Cover Map datasets are available for free via EDINA, specifically the Environment section, and via the JISC Geospatial Data Service.
Further information on LCM2000 can be found in the LCM2000 final report, user guides and sample attached below.
- Download LCM2000 sample (zip)
- LCM2000 Final Report (pdf)
- LCM2000 classification guide
- LCM2000 dataset information
- LCM2000 raster dataset details