Peatland sites are globally important carbon stores as well as sensitive habitats often vulnerable to long-term environmental change. The Auchencorth Moss site is part of an extensive transitional lowland raised bog in Scotland. The landscape of Auchencorth Moss was first used in 1994 to study fluxes of methane (CH4) gas. In 1995, it was established as a measurement site to study fluxes of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and ammonia (NH3) gases over a peatland ecosystem due to its suitability for micrometeorological studies and distance from emission sources. The AMo site has since expanded to become Scotland’s largest air quality monitoring station and is one of two rural air quality supersites (established 2006) for the UK under the UNECE Convention on Long Range Transboundary Pollution (CLRTAP) European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP). EMEP aims to provide long-term information on the deposition and concentration of atmospheric pollutants, as well as quantifying the significance of long-range transport of air pollutants across country boundaries.
AMo provides a platform for many research projects and measurement campaigns, from NH3 flux measurements through to research using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). UKCEH scientists operate and support state-of-the-art techniques for measuring meteorology, fluxes of reactive gases, particles, greenhouse gases and carbon exchange.