On the whole, October was settled, with anticyclonic conditions dictating weather patterns for much of the month. Monthly temperatures were moderately above average and it was unseasonably warm and sunny at times, especially in the north and west. Overall, it was a dry month with the majority of the UK receiving below average rainfall, and it was particularly dry in Scotland and Wales.
The assessment is contained in the latest monthly hydrological summary for the UK, the most authoritative analysis of water resources status in the country. The monthly summaries are produced by the National Hydrological Monitoring Programme, operated by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology in conjunction with the British Geological Survey.
By month end however, unsettled conditions began to dominate, and current forecasts favour wetter-than-average conditions over the coming few months.
Following notably low rainfall over the last three months, October river flows were generally in the normal range or below, with exceptionally low flows in some northern and western catchments. Groundwater levels were generally in the normal range or moderately below, although recoveries were evident in some boreholes, particularly in the far south. At the national scale, reservoir stocks were moderately below average at the end of October.
In general the water resources outlook remains favourable.
The monthly summary is a look back at hydrological events occurring in October 2015. Latest information on flood warnings is provided by the Environment Agency, Natural Resources Wales and Scottish Environment Protection Agency (flood warnings for Northern Ireland are not available).
The Centre for Ecology & Hydrology jointly operates the National Hydrological Monitoring Programme (for the UK) in conjunction with the British Geological Survey. NHMP scientists produce the UK Monthly Hydrological Summary which assesses rainfall, river flows, groundwater and reservoir levels. They also operate the UK’s National River Flow archive.
The NHMP also has a remit to analyse major flood and drought events in the UK and analyse long-term trends in UK hydrological data. The UK Monthly Hydrological Summary is normally published on, or before, the tenth working day, of the following month. A Hydrological Outlook for the UK is also available, and is updated monthly.
- Read the full October 2015 Hydrological Summary for the UK
- Details of the National Hydrological Monitoring Programme
- Latest Hydrological Outlook for the UK
- National River Flow Archive
Media enquiries related to the Hydrological Summaries should be directed to the CEH Press Office. Our scientists can provide explanation and analysis of historic hydrological patterns, possible future scenarios under climate change and scientific understanding of the current situation. We are not able to comment on immediate operational issues.
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